Known as “The City of Kings”, Lima’s colonial history can be seen in its streets. The city was founded in 1535 and recognized as the capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru. With national independence in July 1821, the city became the capital of the Republic of Peru and it was therefore transformed into the political heart of the country.


The city of Lima has a semi-warm climate. The annual average maximum temperature is 21.97°C (71.4ºF) and the minimum temperature is 17ºC (62.7ºF).


Minimum 3 meters above sea level (Ancón) Maximum: 861 meters above sea level (Chosica).

San Francisco Convent Museum

The museum is home to religious art, colonial paintings by the master Pérez de Alesio and by Francisco de Zurbarán, as well as catacombs.

Plaza San Francisco, Jirón Ancash, Lima 1. Telephones (01) 427 1381 / 426 7377

Ecological Island

This is an area composed of the islands of San Lorenzo, El Frontón, Palomino, Cavinzas, Roca Horadada, as well as the Sea of Grau and beautiful coastal scenery. It also offers excellent conditions for practicing aquatic sports and nautical pursuits.

Downtown Lima

The center of Lima was traced in a broad checkerboard plan by the conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, who also planned the construction of the perimeter of the Government Palace, the Cathedral and the Town Hall. This beautiful plaza is a mix of architectural tendencies, including the viceroyalty balconies of its buildings and the old bronze fountain, which dates from 1650. It has recently been renovated and the elegance and splendor of the past have been recovered.

Abtao Submarine Museum

This is South America’s second most important floating museum. It arrived in Callao on July 20, 1954, and made a total of 5,003 immersions during its 48 years of service, when it was crewed by generations of Peruvian and foreign submariners who trained aboard. The service motto of the submarine Abtao was “Silens et Audaz” [“Silent and Audacious”]. The vessel was withdrawn from service on March 10, 2000, and it finally became a Site Museum on January 28, 2004.

Plaza Mayor

On the same day that Lima was founded, the conquistador Francisco Pizarro laid the first stone of the cathedral. The interior of the cathedral houses the beautiful image of Our Lady of the Assumption, the choir stalls, Churrigueresque chapel of the Immaculate Virgin, a marble statue of Christ and Our Lady of the Evangelization, crowned by Pope John Paul II during his visit in 1985. The cathedral also houses the crypt that contains the remains of the conquistador Francisco Pizarro. Located next to the cathedral is the Archbishop’s Palace, with its beautiful balconies.

Government Palace

Today, this is the seat of the executive power of the nation, and it is also known as the “House of Pizarro”. It has an elegant stone façade and magnificent interior rooms, such as the Eléspuru Room and the Gold Room, with its valuable collection of paintings. Every day at noon on the main esplanade of the palace, the changing of the guard ceremony is performed by the soldiers from the Hussars of Junín battalion.

Municipal Palace of Miraflores

The Municipal Palace was designed by the architect Luis Miroquesada Garland and construction began on December 31, 1941. The President of the Republic, Manuel Prado Ugarteche, laid the first stone. As a symbol of the union between all Peruvians, the Municipal Palace of Miraflores features 24 coats-of-arms that represent the country’s 24 regions, high up on its façade.

LarcoMar Shopping Mall

This mall offers a wide range of restaurants, stores, a food court, ice cream parlors, electronic games, bowling, discos, bars and a multi-screen cinema.

The Parish Church

This church was built on the foundations of the old San Miguel de Miraflores church. The modern building was designed by the architect Ricardo de Jaxa Malachowski and it is a beautiful piece of architecture, located opposite the Central Park. Inside the church, visitors can appreciate stained-glass windows that depict episodes from the life of Jesus Christ and images of the Peruvian saints Saint Rose of Lima and Saint Martin de Porres.

Historic Center of Callao

The monumental center of old Callao is composed of a series of streets and small plazas, where the wealth and color of architecture from the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century can be appreciated. Jirón Paita, La Libertad, San Martín and Bolívar still conserve their traditional character.

Real Felipe Army Museum

This fortress was built by the Spanish crown after the seaquake of 1746, in order to repulse the incursions of the corsairs, on the orders of the Viceroy Jose Antonio Manso de Velasco, the Count of Superunda. The viceroys Amat and Abascal continued the construction of the fortress, which took a total of 29 years. The fortifications became the zealous guardians of the treasures of the most important port in America. The great history of the Real Felipe fortress took a new turn when it became the seat of the first congress of the Republic of Peru. Today, it is the museum and barracks of the Peruvian Guard Legion.

Museum of the Court of the Holy Inquisition and the Congress

This museum exhibits items used by the court during the 17th and 18th centuries, as well as an interesting collection of documents from the nation’s Congress.

Jirón Junín 548, Plaza Bolívar. Lima 1. Telephone (01) 428 7980 extension 2537

Museum of the Court of the Holy Inquisition and the Congress

This museum exhibits items used by the court during the 17th and 18th centuries, as well as an interesting collection of documents from the nation’s Congress.

Jirón Junín 548, Plaza Bolívar. Lima 1. Telephone (01) 428 7980 extension 2537

Museum of Art

The Museum of Art houses an interesting collection of ceramics, textiles, stone carvings, organic material and skeletal remains from Peru’s pre-Hispanic cultures, as well as paintings from the Cusco School and colonial furniture and paintings from the Institute of Contemporary Art, a Library, Film Library and Conservation and Restoration Workshop.

Paseo Colón 125, Lima 1. Telephone (01) 423 4732

Peruvian Gold Museum and Weapons of the World

The exhibition of pre-Hispanic art includes objects made from gold, silver and copper, as well as textiles. The museum also houses a large weapons collection.

Avenida Alonso de Molina 1100, Surco, Lima 33. Telephone (01) 345 1271. Jirón Junín 548, Plaza Bolívar. Lima 1. Telephone (01) 428 7980 extension 2537.

Museo del Convento de San Francisco
Ecología Insular
Centro de Lima
Museo Submarino Abtao
Plaza Mayor
Palacio de Gobierno
Museo del Ejercito Real Felipe
Museo del Tribunal de la Santa Inquisición y del Congreso
Museo de Arte
Museo del Oro del Perú y Armas del Mundo