The ancient inhabitants of Lambayeque used to speak of how, a long time ago, there appeared before the astonished local fishermen a great fleet of strange crafts. The new arrivals were led by a finely-dressed lord whose name was Naylamp, "Great Bird of the Sea". Impressed by the industriousness and skill of the inhabitants of the region, Naylamp decided to order the construction of a temple to house the image of Ñam Pallec, a stone idol carved in his own likeness. The neighboring cultures were impressed by the good governance of this lord, and they gradually submitted to his rule also. One day, Naylamp disappeared. According to the priests, he had grown wings and flown away. It fell to his descendants to continue the traditions he had introduced.

Climate

The city of Chiclayo possesses a warm climate. The average maximum annual temperature is 26.2°C (79.2ºF) and the minimum temperature is 17.3°C (63.1ºF).

Altitude:

Capital: 29 meters above sea level (Chiclayo) Minimum: 4 meters above sea level (Pimentel) Maximum: 3078 meters above sea level (Incahuasi)

Chiclayo cathedral

Known as Saint Mary’s Cathedral ["Santa María Catedral"], it is located in the city’s main park and its neoclassical construction dates from 1869-71 (1928-56). Bell towers topped by cupolas stand on both sides of the facade. Within the three-chambered interior is a beautiful carving of Christ.

Chiclayo Municipal Palace

This republican building with its large windows and wrought iron doors dates from 1919 and its construction costs more than 30 thousand gold pounds.

Monsefú Handcrafts Market

14 kilometers south of the city of Chiclayo (15 minutes by bus).

Monsefú is known for its woven straw items – hats, baskets and bags - and cotton goods. Also famous is its embroidery, which even incorporates gold and silver thread. Visitors can buy delicately-made napkins, tablecloths, blouses, skirts, ponchos and embroidered blankets.

Eten

22.4 kilometers south of the city of Chiclayo (25 minutes by bus).

This is the world’s third Eucharist City, and it celebrates the Divine Child’s Miracle Fair, in remembrance of His three apparitions in the sacred host on July 22, 1619. This is the region’s main center for woven straw and fine embroidery. Eten Beach is located just 2.2 kilometers from the town.

Saña

46 kilometers southeast of the city of Chiclayo (1 hour and 30 minutes by bus).

In Zaña visitors can appreciate the remains of what was once the vice-regency city, founded in 1563. This is now a ghost town, and the origin of legends and stories such as the one that tells of the invasion and sacking of the city by the pirate Edward Davis in 1686. The city was destroyed as a result of the El Niño phenomenon in 1720. Today, visitors can see the remains of the convents of San Agustín and San Francisco and the portals of the church of La Merced. It was the origin of Afro-American dances like the erotic "golpe de tierra", “tondero” and “festejo”.

Sipán Archaeological Complex

The archaeological complex of Sipán is located 35 kilometers from Chiclayo, following a route lined with extensive cane fields. The site was built by the Mochica culture (400 AD – 600 AD) and is known as Huaca Rajada. This monumental complex is composed of two mud brick pyramids and a platform, where in 1978 the celebrated archaeological discovery of two pre-Hispanic tombs was made: the Lord of Sipán and his forefather, known as the Old Lord of Sipán. With these discoveries our admiration for the well-known excellence of Mochica ceramics was enriched by the revelation that they also produced exquisite metalwork

Museum of the Royal Tombs of Sipán

The majesty and great splendor of the discovery of the Royal Tombs of Sipán was one of the greatest events of the 1980s on a regional, national and international levels, and it positioned the pre-Hispanic culture of Peru as one of the greatest and most important cultures of America and the world.

Sican National Museum

Located in the city of Ferreñafe, this museum is the result of 23 years of continuous archaeological research. It was built to display, protect, disseminate and conserve the Sicán or Lambayeque culture (750 AD to 1150 AD), through the discoveries made during scientific excavation.

In addition, the museum exhibits replicas made using ancient techniques of the cultural artifacts of this culture, also known as the Lambayeque culture, which, in the now extinct Muchik language, means “the house or temple of the moon”. The word Sicán should not be confused with Sipán, which is the name of a nearby town and archaeological site, where the royal tombs of the Mochica or Moche culture have been excavated.

Túcume Archaeological Complex

Situated 33 kilometers from Chiclayo is the Túcume Archaeological Complex, also known as the Valley of the Pyramids. The complex covers an area of 220 hectares and is surrounded by fertile crop fields. At the center of the site there stands a sacred hill known as Cerro La Raya or Cerro Purgatorio. The size and quality of their construction indicates that the Pyramids of Túcume were among the most important monumental centers in the region.

Pomac National Archaeological and Ecological Reserve

Located 36 kilometers from Chiclayo, in the valley of the La Leche River, this reserve is composed of a series of monumental mud brick constructions in the form of long elevated platforms at the site known as Batán Grande. The Pomac forest is remarkable in the context of the desert coast of northern Peru, and it was the political and religious center of the Lambayeque or Sicán culture (700AD -1300 AD). This forest now forms part of the protected natural area of Batán Grande, and in its more than 7000 hectares visitors can observe flocks of parrots, woodpeckers, the Peruvian thick-knee (Burhinus superciliaris) and many other bird species, making this forest a paradise for ornithologists. Other attractions here include the Millennium Tree, which is said to protect all the inhabitants of the forest, and the viewing point from where the ancient mud brick constructions, known as huacas, of La Merced, Loro, La Rodillona, Botija, Soledad, Corte, Arena, Santillana and Las Ventanas can be observed. These structures are impressive examples of Sicán architecture.

Chaparrí Ecological Reserve

95 kilometers from the city of Chiclayo (1 hour and 30 minutes by car)

This territory of 34,412 hectares belongs to the Muchik peasant community of Santa Catalina de Chongoyape. It was the first area in Peru to be declared a private conservation area.

The main objective of the reserve is the conservation of the region’s dry forests and the wealth of biological diversity to which they are home. It was also established to introduce mechanisms for the sustainable use of the area’s natural resources. It shelters important species which are in danger of extinction, such as the spectacled bear, the white-winged guan and the Andean condor.

Catedral de Chiclayo
Mercado Artesanal de Monsefú
Eten
Saña
Complejo Arquiologico de Sipán
Museo Nacional de Sican
Complejo Arqueologico de Tucume
Reserva Nacional Arqueologica y Ecologica de Pomac
Reserva Ecológica Chaparrí